TOEFL - Set 28 Exercise

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aggravating, amusement, conceivably, convert, curative, debilitating, deplete, finite, perceive, security, toxic, tranquility, trap, undeniably, underestimated

1) aggravating

  • adj. making worse; annoying
  • n. aggravation
  • Syn. irritating
  • v. aggravate
  • Example - The aggravating delay was caused by road repairs.
  • Example - The shortage of work aggravated the crisis in the small town.

2) amusement

  • n. something that holds interest and is enjoyable
  • adv. amusingly
  • adj. amusing
  • v. amuse
  • Syn. diversion
  • Example - We listened in amusement as he tried to convince his friend to lend him $50.
  • Example - His amusing comment made everyone laugh.

3) conceivably

  • adv. feasibly; believable
  • adj. conceivable
  • Syn. possibly
  • v. conceive
  • Example - They could conceivably earn first place with their science project.
  • Example - It is conceivable that humans will travel to distant planets one day.

4) convert

  • v. to change from one form or state to another
  • adj. convertible
  • Syn. alter
  • n. conversion
  • Example - When boiled, liquids convert to gases.
  • Example - The conversion from Fahrenheit to centigrade can be easily made.

5) curative

  • adj. being able to restore to good condition
  • n. cure
  • Syn. healing.
  • Example - The curative properties of certain plants have been well documented.
  • Example - There is no simple cure for the ills of society.

6) debilitating

  • adj. weakening
  • v. debilitate
  • Syn. weakening
  • n. debility
  • Example - The lack of investment savings has a debilitating effect on the economy.
  • Example - The patient's debility restricted him to the room.

7) deplete

  • v. to use up; to reduce greatly
  • adj. depleted
  • Syn. consume
  • n. depletion
  • Example - She depleted all of her savings to buy the word processor.
  • Example - The depletion of the Earth's oil reserves poses a threat to our current style of life.

8) finite

  • adj. of a certain amount; having an end; not infinite
  • Syn. limited
  • Example - There were a finite number of explanations for the unusual reactions.
  • Example - Is there a finite number of stars in the universe?

9) perceive

  • v. to sense; to become aware of
  • adv. perceptibly
  • Syn. observe
  • adj. perceivable
  • adj. perceptive
  • adv. perceptively
  • n. perception
  • Example - We perceive major differences between the two political parties.
  • Example - Porpoises are very perceptive mammals.

10) security

  • n. the feeling of freedom from danger, doubt, or worry
  • adv. securely
  • adj. secure
  • Syn. safety
  • v. secure
  • Example - Her sense of security increased as her grades improved.
  • Example - We secured all of the doors of the lab before leaving.

11) toxic

  • adj. harmful; capable of being fatal
  • n. toxicity
  • Syn. poisonous
  • Example - Disposal of toxic wastes is an ongoing problem.
  • Example - This product has the highest toxicity of any known to science.

12) tranquility

  • n. calm; quietness
  • adv. tranquilly
  • Syn. peacefulness
  • adj. tranquil
  • v. tranquilize
  • Example - The tranquility of the lake at sunrise inspired a profound sense of well-being.
  • Example - His tranquil manner of expression made us all feel more secure.

13) trap

  • v. to catch and hold onto, usually by trickery; deceived
  • adj. trapped
  • n. trap
  • Syn. retain
  • Example - I was trapped into paying for the meal.
  • Example - The trapped animals were released after being tagged by the wildlife conservationists.

14) undeniably

  • adv. clearly true
  • adj. undeniable
  • Syn. absolutely
  • Example - Of all the planets in our solar system, Earth is undeniably the most conducive to supporting life.
  • Example - It is undeniable that he has skill, but he needs to show more initiative.

15) underestimated

  • adj. guessed lower than the actual quality or quantity
  • v. underestimate
  • Syn. miscalculated
  • Example - The underestimated demand for tickets made the theater manager plan better for the next performance.
  • Example - The treasurer underestimated the cost of the new furniture.



Set 1

abroad, abrupt, acceptable, acclaim, actually, adverse, advice, attractive, autonomous, disapproval, disruptive, haphazardly, ideal, persistent, wide

15 Words


Set 2

advanced, advantage, advent, agile, albeit, allow, appealing, celebrated, contemporary, distribute, encourage, energetic, frail, refine, worthwhile

15 Words


Set 3

alter, analyze, ancient, annoying, anticipate, conform, defect, enrich, intensify, intolerable, observe, ongoing, propose, restore, vital

15 Words


Set 4

ambiguous, apparent, arbitrary, assert, astounding, astute, authorize, deceptively, determined, elicit, forbid, petition, relinquish, resilient, tempt

15 Words


Set 5

amaze, baffle, bear, block, blur, brilliant, caution, challenge, delicate, enhance, intrigue, persuade, replace, shed, unique

15 Words


Set 6

chiefly, coarse, commonplace, comparatively, complex, conventional, curious, exceedingly, exclusively, immense, indeed, rigid, routinely, sufficiently, visibly

15 Words


Set 7

appropriate, clarify, conceal, confirm, constantly, convenient, core, critical, distort, diverse, prosperous, purposefully, reveal, scarcely, theoretically

15 Words


Set 8

accelerate, crack, create, creep, crush, cultivate, dictate, distinguish, flaw, harvest, mirror, obtain, particle, settle, transport

15 Words


Set 9

accurate, classify, currency, deep, dense, depend on, dim, display, exports, gigantic, impressive, lasting, treasury, uniform, vibrant

15 Words


Set 10

distinct, dominant, dormant, drab, dramatic, elaborate, exceptional, hazardous, minuscule, prime, rudimentary, sensitive, superficial, terrifying, vigorous

15 Words


Set 11

amenity, destroy, disperse, dwelling, element, elementary, eliminate, emphasize, encircle, erratic, exaggerate, mention, pier, prevalent, release

15 Words


Set 12

benefit, blind, broaden, burgeon, conspicuously, demand, endorse, enormous, entirely, erode, evaporate, recover, reportedly, shift, suffer

15 Words


Set 13

dignitary, crucial, elude, evident, exhaust, extensive, extremely, face, facet, hero, inaccessible, obviously, predictably, solve, suitable

15 Words


Set 14

ample, arid, avoid, defy, enact, even, feign, fertile, freshly, function, fundamental, indiscriminate, selective, spacious, withstand

15 Words


Set 15

durable, favor, gain, generate, halt, handle, harbor, harmful, insignificant, mysterious, perilous, postpone, promote, reject, substantial

15 Words


Set 16

conscientious, convey, encompass, expansion, heighten, highlight, inadvertently, inevitable, infancy, miraculously, retrieve, systematically, unlikely, unwarranted, zenith

15 Words


Set 17

agitate, confidential, delighted, discreetly, documented, gradually, influence, inordinate, instantly, intentionally, intrinsic, inundate, involve, nominal, presumably

15 Words


Set 18

absurd, abuse, allocation, balanced, conservation, fallacious, feasible, lack, limber, means, narrow, preconception, robust, steady, swift

15 Words


Set 19

antiquated, coherent, develop, fabricate, investigation, normally, notice, notion, novel, opposition, record, relate, suspect, unbiased, varied

15 Words


Set 20

accentuate, disguise, finance, initiate, innovative, narrate, nevertheless, occasionally, omit, outlandish, overcome, partially, pass, portray, submit

15 Words


Set 21

decline, gather, motion, partisan, pattern, phenomena, philanthropic, placid, plentiful, reaction, rhythm, scenic, shallow, sheltered, vanishing

15 Words


Set 22

account, archaic, hasten, hue, illustration, inactive, intricate, magnitude, oblige, overlook, poll, position, practical, predominant, prompt

15 Words


Set 23

analogous, approximately, compel, formidable, intrusive, periodically, prone, prophetic, proportions, readily, reliably, reluctantly, renown, sacrifice, triumph

15 Words


Set 24

affordable, contaminated, discernible, flourishing, maintain, mediocre, negligible, parallel, peculiar, potent, remarkable, scattered, solid, somewhat, tedious

15 Words


Set 25

briefly, circulate, consistently, exhibit, found, improperly, impulsively, infrequently, isolated, overtly, profoundly, sharply, situated, subsequently, unmistakable

15 Words


Set 26

chaotic, characteristic, controversial, exemplify, gratifying, interpret, launch, legitimate, particular, radiant, ridge, span, spontaneous, stream, striking

15 Words


Set 27

aptly, demonstration, ingredients, involuntarily, marvel, measurable, moderate, odd, reflection, supposedly, sustained, symbols, synthesis, tangible, tightly

15 Words


Set 28

aggravating, amusement, conceivably, convert, curative, debilitating, deplete, finite, perceive, security, toxic, tranquility, trap, undeniably, underestimated

15 Words


Set 29

acknowledge, acquire, assimilate, assortment, caliber, condensed, contradictory, disregard, precious, prominent, requisite, unravel, vague, vast, volume

15 Words


Set 30

charisma, clever, convince, endure, forfeit, precarious, severe, sporadic, superior, wanton, weak, widespread, wisdom, witticism, woo

15 Words

Choose the synonym

1. Curative

  • (A) Healing
  • (B) Gratifying
  • (C) toxic
  • (D) Conceivable

Correct Answer - A

2. Limited

  • (A) Sustained
  • (B) Ample
  • (C) finite
  • (D) Approximate

Correct Answer - C

3. Amusement

  • (A) Peacefulness
  • (B) Demonstration
  • (C) Diversion
  • (D) Marvel

Correct Answer - C

4. Security

  • (A) Power
  • (B) Safety
  • (C) Trap
  • (D) Cure

Correct Answer - B

5. Debilitating

  • (A) Convincing
  • (B) Formidable
  • (C) Accelerating
  • (D) Weakening

Correct Answer - D

6. Aggravate

  • (A) Irritate
  • (B) Convert
  • (C) Isolate
  • (D) Initiate

Correct Answer - A

7. Conceivably

  • (A) Absolutely
  • (B) Aptly
  • (C) Possibly
  • (D) Tranquilly

Correct Answer - C

8. Alter

  • (A) Sustain
  • (B) Launch
  • (C) Detect
  • (D) Convert

Correct Answer - D

9. Depleted

  • (A) Retained
  • (B) Consumed
  • (C) polluted
  • (D) Inundated

Correct Answer - B

10. Perceive

  • (A) Deny
  • (B) Miscalculate
  • (C) Observe
  • (D) Estimate

Correct Answer - C

Choose the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the underlined word or phrase.

1. Underestimated tax revenues caused the severe budget crunches that plagued local governments during the early 1970s.

  • (A) depleted
  • (B) finite
  • (C) disappointing
  • (D) miscalculated
Answer - D

2. Casey Stengel was undeniably one of the most successful coaches in the history of baseball.

  • (A) absolutely
  • (B) unexpectedly
  • (C) conceivably
  • (D) likely
Answer - A

3. The power of the sun is trapped by the leaves of plants and used to produce food by a process called photosynthesis.

  • (A) perceived
  • (B) reflected
  • (C) retained
  • (D) converted
Answer - C

4. Some people find tranquility when they are far away from the hustle and bustle of city life.

  • (A) peacefulness
  • (B) amusement
  • (C) fulfillment
  • (D) security
Answer - A

5. All Cnidarians have the potential to affect human physiology owing to the toxic nature of their nematocysts.

  • (A) curative
  • (B) debilitating
  • (C) poisonous
  • (D) aggravating
Answer - C
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