100 Most Important Geography Questions You Need To Know

Geography Questions Answers Eduhyme

A science that deals with the description, distribution, and interaction of the diverse physical, biological and cultural features of the earth’s surface.

Geography identifies the concepts of place, space, environment, interconnection, sustainability, scale and change as integral to the development of geographical understanding.

Also Read: List of Major Contributions and Discoveries

We’ve handpicked 100 common geography questions. Test your knowledge on the world’s capitals, continents, oceans, cities, rivers, seas, and more.

Even if you don’t know the answer, it’s fun to take a guess and potentially learn something new. Students and geography-lovers of all levels will find these geography questions thrilling and fun and can in turn edify their knowledge of the planet.

1 Which ecosystem covers the largest area of the earth’s surface? Marine Ecosystem
2 What percentage of insolation is received by the earth’s surface? 47%
3 What type of climate is best suited for horticulture? Mediterranean
4 Which city is associated with the river Mekong? Phnom–Penh
5 Which is the busiest oceanic trade route? North Atlantic Route
6 What is the average salinity of sea water? 3.50%
7 The winds which never change their direction are called? Planetary Winds
8 Who discovered South Pole? Amundsen
9 The Karakoram Highway connects which pairs of countries? China – Pakistan
10 What is the most abundant metal in the earth’s crust? Aluminium
11 Precipitation in the form of a mixture of rain and snow is called: Sleet
12 Which is most visible when the Sun is around 4 to 16 degrees below the horizon? Noctilucent Clouds
13 Which of the following islands is located in the Arabian Sea? Lakshadweep Islands
14 Three crops that contribute maximum to global food grain production are Wheat, Rice, Maize
15 The length of Punjab Himalayas is 560 KM
16 In which of the following states, Kolar Gold Field is located? Karnatak
17 In which part of the Himalayas are the highest peaks situated ? Nepal Himalaya
18 Which one of the following lakes in India has the highest water salinity? Sambhar
19 What is the percentage coverage of Tropical Forest on earth’s landmass? 7
20 The southernmost point of peninsular India, that is, Kanyakumari, is? North of the Equator
21 Among the following states, which one has adopted the “Neem” tree as the state tree ? Andhra Pradesh
22 Terrigenous deposits are found in Continental Shelf and slope
23 Farraka barrage is a major reason for contention between India and Bangladesh
24 Which is the largest desert of the world: Antarctica desert
25 Which is the largest cold desert in the world: Antarctica desert
26 Which is the fastest growing tree? Eucalyptus
27 Which tree require minimum water for its growth? Babool
28 Which plain formed due to the weathering of lime stone? Karst Plains
29 To an astronaut, how does outer space appear? Black
30 Which river crosses tropic of Capricorn twice? Limpopo river
31 What is associated with a savanna climate? Scrub
32 Which kind of forests is found in silent valley of Kerala? Tropical Rain Forests
33 Which is the largest island in the Indian Ocean? Madagascar
34 In how many time zones has the world been divided into? 24
35 Which soil is very hard to cultivate? Sandy soil
36 What separates Daman & Diya? Gulf of Khambat
37 Which connects the ocean floor level with the continent? Continental slope
38 Earth is known as the ‘Blue planet’ due to Presence of huge amount of water on it
39 The great Victoria Desert is located in Australia
40 Where Mount Fuji volcano is situated Japan
41 Mount Fujiis one of the most famous volcanoes in the world. It is situated in Tokyo
42 Kanha National Park established in Madhya Pradesh
43 Which clouds occurs at the highest altitude Cirrostratus
44 The Suez Canal connects the Mediterranean Sea and Red Sea
45 First Agriculture University of India was established in Pantnagar
46 Dachigam Wildlife Sanctuary located in Jammu and Kashmir
47 How does the sun get its energy From nuclear fusion
48 The world’s largest lake is Caspian Sea
49 Which planet rotates clock wise Venus
50 Which is the highest plateau in the world Pamir Plateau
51 Which is the tropical grassland Savannah
52 Dibang Valley is in which state Arunachal Pradesh
53 Pipavav Shipyard is located in which state Gujarat
54 The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through: Pakistan
55 Example igneous rock ‘Gabbro’
56 Niagara falls are in US
57 The largest producer of wheat in India Uttar Pradesh
58 The largest producer of sugarcane in India Uttar Pradesh
59 The largest producer of groundnut in India Gujarat
60 The largest producer of tea in India Assam
61 The largest producer of coffee in India Karnataka
62 The largest producer of jute in India West Bengal
63 The largest producer of tobacco in India Andhra Pradesh
64 World Forest Day is celebrated on 21 March
65 World No Tobacco day 31 May
66 Which latitude passes through India Tropic of Cancer
67 Where is Sahara Desert Located Africa
68 Intensity of earthquake is measured with Richter Scale
69 Blue revolution is related to Fish Production
70 Kangaroo is the national animal of which country Australia
71 Plant generate the food by which of the process Photosynthesis
72 Which natural disaster has most of its effects in India Flood and Drought
73 Flood control programme was started in which of the year 1953
74 Bombay High is famous for which of the Petroleum storage
75 Bhopal Gas Tragedy was caused when a chemical plant accidently released Methyl isocyanide
76 World’s largest lake Caspian Sea
77 Major cause of global warming Green house effect
78 World largest desert Sahara
79 Which city is popular for its glass bangles industries Firozabad
80 Red Data Book includes Endangered species
81 The first census was organized in which year in India 1872
82 Earth Summit was held at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
83 Nashik city is situated along which river? Godavari
84 The headquarter of RBI is situated at? Mumbai
85 Ozone layer is present in Stratosphere
86 he largest ecosystem of the Earth is Biosphere
87 The canal which links Atlantic Ocean with Pacific Ocean is Panama
88 Kaziranga Wild Life Sanctuary is in the State of Assam
89 Which of the following is referred to as ‘Young Fold Mountains’? Himalayas
90 Ozone layer is present in Stratosphere
91 The largest ecosystem of the Earth is Biosphere
92 The canal which links Atlantic Ocean with Pacific Ocean is Panama
93 Kaziranga Wild Life Sanctuary is in the State of Assam
94 Which of the following is referred to as ‘Young Fold Mountains’? Himalayas
95 Roaring Forties is Westerly winds
96 The highest peak in South India is Anaimudi
97 Which river has the largest catchment area Godavari
98 Which is the largest man-made lake in India Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar
99 EL Nino replaces which current Humboldt
100 Which months are known for retreating monsoons October and November
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