English Grammer Questions and Answers

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Anyone who is interested in eliminating the typical English Grammer Mistakes they make as a result of not being able to easily distinguish between similar grammatical items. You need to have reached a mid-intermediate level of English to benefit from this article.

Each index has a heading which gives the keywords dealt with in the section and contains few sentences. All sentences simply consists in underlining the correct form. In some cases, more than one form may be correct.

  1. Advise, Recommend, Suggest
  2. Allow, Enable, Permit, Let
  3. Already, Just, Still, Yet
  4. Articles: A, An
  5. Articles: A / An vs One vs It vs Genitive
  6. Articles: The vs Zero Article (Ø)
  7. Be Able, Manage vs Can / Could
  8. Be Born, Die
  9. Be Going To
  10. Be vs Have
  11. Be vs Have as Auxiliary Verbs
  12. Been vs Gone
  13. Can vs May
  14. Cannot vs May Not
  15. Collective Nouns
  16. Comparisons
  17. Conditionals: Zero and First (If vs When)
  18. Conditionals: Second and Third
  19. Continuous Forms
  20. Countable and Uncountable Nouns
  21. Each, Every, All, None
  22. Few, Little, A Few, A Little
  23. (This Is The) First Time, Second Time
  24. Genitive: The Possessive Form of Nouns
  25. Have, Have Got
  26. Have Something Done
  27. How Long, How Much Time, How Many Times
  28. -ing Form vs the Infinitive
  29. Languages and Nationalities
  30. Like, Love, Prefer
  31. Make vs Let
  32. Much, Many, A Lot of, Lots of
  33. Must vs Have To
  34. Must Not Vs Do Not Have To
  35. Numbers, Dates and Measurements
  36. Passive vs Active
  37. People vs Person; Men, Human
  38. Present Perfect vs Past Simple
  39. Present Perfect With For and Since
  40. Pronouns
  41. So, Too, Very, That + Adjective
  42. So, Such, So Many, So Much
  43. Some, Any and Related Issues
  44. Stop, Remember
  45. Used To and Present Tense
  46. Very Much, A Lot: Use at the End of a Phrase
  47. Want, Would, Would Like, Would Prefer
  48. Which? What? How?
  49. Who, Which and What in Questions
  50. Will vs Present Simple

[#1] Advise, Recommend, Suggest

  1. What do you suggest that I should do / me to do?
  2. They advised to get / us to get there early.
  3. Health experts recommend reducing / to reduce / that we reduce our intake of salt.
  4. He advised seeing / me to see his dentist.
  5. I suggest you to go / that you should go
  6. He recommended to me a bar on the high street / a bar on the high street (to me).
  7. We suggest doing / to do this at least once a day.
  8. I recommend to follow / following these instructions very carefully.
  9. I suggest you to study / you should study
  10. They advised to not have contact / us not to have contact with her again.

Answers –

  1. that I should do
  2. us to get
  3. that we reduce / reducing
  4. me to see
  5. that you should
  6. a bar on the high street to me
  7. doing
  8. following
  9. you should study
  10. us not to have contact

[#2] Allow, Enable, Permit, Let

  1. Her parents allowed her do / allowed her doing anything she wanted.
  2. Social networks enable people / enable to reach a wider audience, thus enabling them to share / enabling them sharing
  3. The new law permits shops to trade / permits to trade 24 hours a day
  4. These binoculars let you see / let you to see for miles.
  5. They were not permitted leave / to leave / leaving the country.
  6. This kind of behavior is not permitted / permitting.
  7. This software enables calculations to make / to be made more quickly.
  8. This system allows to save / allows you to save a lot of money.
  9. This will allow / allow us to make more money.
  10. She didn’t let them to watch / let them watch

Answers –

  1. allowed her to do
  2. enable people, enabling them to share
  3. permits shops to trade
  4. let you see
  5. to leave
  6. permitted
  7. to be made
  8. allows you to save
  9. allow us
  10. let them watch

[#3] Already, Just, Still, Yet

  1. I thought it was unusual that they hadn’t already / just / still / yet been told.
  2. I thought it was unusual that they hadn’t been told already / just / still / yet.
  3. You already / just / still / yet haven’t told me about your holiday.
  4. He has already / just / still / yet got back from India so he’s suffering from a bit of jet lag.
  5. I have already / just / still / yet been on the phone to Mary – she’s pregnant!
  6. I have already / just / still / yet called them twice this morning – where are they?
  7. Message on phone: Are you there already / just / still / yet? If you have arrived, can you give me a call?
  8. Message on phone: Are you already / just / still / yet at home? If you haven’t left yet, could you get my book from beside the bed and bring it with you?
  9. Have you done your homework already / just / still / yet? You know we are going out tonight so you really need to finish it now.
  10. Have you already / just / still / yet done your homework? How did you manage to do it so fast?
  11. I am not sure if I have already / just / still / yet told you, but I have decided to get a new job.
  12. I am not sure if I have told you already / just / still / yet, but I have decided to get a new job.

Answers –

  1. already
  2. yet (already)
  3. still
  4. just
  5. just
  6. already
  7. yet
  8. still
  9. yet
  10. already
  11. already
  12. yet (already)

[#4] Articles: A, An (Note: Ø = no article required)

  1. You can’t go there without a / Ø
  2. We climbed a / an / Ø high mountain.
  3. I would like a / an / some
  4. I speak a / an / Ø good English.
  5. It travels at 90 km a / an / Ø
  6. I have a / an / Ø
  7. It is spelt with a / an L, not a / an R.
  8. We went to a / an
  9. He gave me a / Ø good feedback on my work.
  10. It is a / an MP3 file – I haven’t seen one of those for a / an year or more.

Answers –

  1. a
  2. a
  3. some
  4. Ø
  5. an
  6. a
  7. an, an
  8. a
  9. Ø
  10. an, a

[#5] Articles: A / An vs One vs It vs Genitive

  1. Do you have a self driving car? Yes I have it / one.
  2. There were a / one hundred people not two hundred.
  3. We only did a / one test before the machine broke down.
  4. I don’t have my car with me but we can use the one of Anna / Anna’s.
  5. All these lamps need just a / one For this lamp we need an / one 80 watt bulb and for this lamp a / one 60 watt bulb.
  6. I like both these pictures. This one / picture looks like a Matisse and that one / picture looks like a Picasso.
  7. We are going to Paris this year and Rome the next one / next year.
  8. I went to a / one university in England.

Answers –

  1. one
  2. one
  3. one
  4. Anna’s
  5. one, an, a
  6. one / picture, one / picture
  7. next year
  8. a

[#6] Articles: The vs Zero Article (Ø)

  1. I was the / Ø best student in the / Ø
  2. I love the / Ø The / Ø type of the / Ø music that I love the most is the / Ø jazz.
  3. This is the / Ø story of my life.
  4. I work at the / Ø Department of the / Ø Engineering at the / Ø University of Tokyo in the / Ø
  5. The / Ø change in the climate has significantly affected the / Ø
  6. The / Ø climate change has significantly depleted the / Ø ozone layer.
  7. We saw the / Ø film at the / Ø
  8. We found a great site on the / Ø
  9. Using this toothpaste totally prevents the / Ø formation of the / Ø
  10. Does the / your leg hurt?

Answers –

  1. the, the
  2. Ø, the, Ø, Ø
  3. the
  4. the, Ø, the, Ø
  5. the, the
  6. Ø, the
  7. the, the
  8. the, Ø
  9. Ø
  10. your

[#7] Be Able, Manage vs Can / Could

  1. I could / am able to be wrong, but I don’t think so.
  2. I will can / be able to tell you tomorrow.
  3. He can / is able to speak ten languages.
  4. I hope to can / be able to see her tomorrow.
  5. We only had three days in London but we could / managed to see many places.
  6. Could you / Did you manage to answer question 5?
  7. When I was only three years old I could / managed to ride a bicycle – in fact I used to cycle to kindergarten with my mother.
  8. She has never could / been able to do this.
  9. If I knew the answer I was able to / could tell you.
  10. I could / am able to / manage to sit here all day talking to you.
  11. When I was young I could / managed to / was able to go out whenever I wanted.

Answers –

  1. could
  2. be able to
  3. can
  4. be able
  5. managed to
  6. did you manage to (could you)
  7. could
  8. been able
  9. could
  10. could
  11. could

[#8] Be Born, Die

  1. I am born / was born on a Tuesday, which apparently is supposed to be a lucky day.
  2. He was died / had died before I born / was born.
  3. How long are they died / have they been dead?
  4. The child will be born / will born in hospital rather than at home.
  5. He is dead / died – there is nothing we can do about it now.
  6. When is the baby born / will the baby be born?
  7. She has been dead / is died for many years.
  8. Is she dead / died?

Answers –

  1. was born
  2. had died, was born
  3. have they been dead
  4. will be born
  5. dead
  6. will the baby be born
  7. has been dead
  8. dead

[#9] Be Going To

  1. I will / am going to take a nap now – so please don’t disturb me.
  2. I am taking / going to take up yoga – I really need to be more relaxed.
  3. You are loving / going to love Rome, it’s absolutely beautiful.
  4. Is this going to take / Is this taking a long time, because I really need to go out?
  5. I’m sorry to hear the situation is so bad, but don’t worry I will / am going to call her and see if I can resolve the matter for you.
  6. New things are going to / will happen at this company, some of which you are not liking / going to like.
  7. Are they going to / Will they play the music this loud all night?
  8. When are they finishing / going to finish painting your apartment?
  9. She has no money, so how is she paying / going to pay her medical bills when she starts her therapy?
  10. After last night’s argument is she seeing / going to see him again?

Answers –

  1. am going to
  2. going to take
  3. going to love
  4. is this going to take
  5. will
  6. are going to, going to like
  7. are they going to
  8. going to finish
  9. going to pay
  10. going to see

[#10] Be vs Have

  1. Do you have anything to drink? I have / am thirsty.
  2. I am / have always cold when I go skiing.
  3. We are having a party, do you want to come? Sorry, but I am / have a cold.
  4. He has / is 70 years old tomorrow.
  5. She is / has the same age as me.
  6. I am hungry / have hunger – what’s for dinner?
  7. What date do we have / is it today?
  8. She is / has very talented and I am / have jealous.

Answers –

  1. am
  2. am
  3. have
  4. is
  5. is
  6. am hungry
  7. is it
  8. is, am

[#11] Be vs Have as Auxiliary Verbs

  1. He has / is gone home.
  2. It has / is rained again.
  3. For man years public interest has / is focused on water scarcity rather than the use of fossil fuels.
  4. These goods have / are produced in India.
  5. My friends have / are been to San Francisco.
  6. The post has / is arrived.
  7. Had / were you stayed there before?
  8. Have / Are you come alone?
  9. The project had / was terminated by the organizers due to lack of funding.
  10. The price of petrol has / is gone up.
  11. A lot of money had / was raised by crowdfunding.
  12. She had / was seen shoplifting.

Answers –

  1. has
  2. has
  3. has
  4. are
  5. have
  6. has
  7. have
  8. have
  9. was
  10. has
  11. was
  12. was

[#12] Been vs Gone

  1. They’ve gone to China for a year, they will be back next summer / came back last week.
  2. He has gone / been home so he’s no longer at the office – he’ll probably be playing with his children in the garden.
  3. Message on kitchen table: I have gone / been to the supermarket, back in 20 minutes.
  4. She has been / gone to Rome – she’ll be there till next week.
  5. I’ve just been / gone to the supermarket – it was absolutely crowded and it took me ages.
  6. By the time I got to the party, most people had already been / gone home.
  7. We wanted to go to the cinema but our friends had already been / gone the night before.
  8. Ah, here you are finally. Where have you been / gone? I have been waiting for you for hours.
  9. Where has Sam been / gone? I can’t find him anywhere. Maybe he has been / gone to lunch.
  10. I have gone / been to the bank, so I’ve got the money I owe you.
  11. Have you ever gone / been to Japan?
  12. I have never gone / been to work without my umbrella.

Answers –

  1. will be back next summer
  2. gone
  3. gone
  4. gone
  5. been
  6. gone
  7. been (gone)
  8. been
  9. gone, gone
  10. been
  11. been
  12. gone

[#13] Can vs May

  1. Can / May I ask you to do me a favor?
  2. Let me know if there is anything else I can / may do for you.
  3. Can / May you spell that for me?
  4. I can / may be late for the meeting, if I am please start without me.
  5. Can / May I introduce myself? My name is …
  6. I think there can / may have been a mistake in my bill – I didn’t have anything from the mini bar.
  7. I think you can / may have misunderstood what Anna said. What she meant was …
  8. Let’s arrange a call so that we can / may discuss it further.
  9. She can / may speak five different languages – she’s a genius.
  10. You can / may recall that we met at a party in Sacramento earlier this year.

Answers –

  1. can
  2. can
  3. can
  4. may
  5. may (can)
  6. may
  7. may
  8. can
  9. can
  10. may

[#14] Cannot vs May Not

  1. I’m sorry but I cannot / may not have enough time to finish doing the painting today.
  2. I cannot / may not stress how important this is for me.
  3. I am sorry but I cannot / may not come to your party next week – I have to go away for a business meeting.
  4. I think the wifi cannot / may not be working correctly – my connection keeps coming and going.
  5. At work we cannot / may not eat at our desks – it’s forbidden.
  6. She cannot / may not look very intelligent but I can guarantee that she is a genius.
  7. I cannot / may not be in time for dinner tonight – I will let you know later this evening.
  8. It cannot / may not have been her that you saw at the supermarket, she’s in Brazil at the moment.

Answers –

  1. may not
  2. cannot
  3. cannot
  4. may not
  5. cannot
  6. may not
  7. may not
  8. cannot

[#15] Collective Nouns

  1. The staff is / are always busy so it is difficult to get its / their attention.
  2. Nike has / have announced a new product line.
  3. Manchester United is / are one of the richest clubs in the world. Tonight it is / they are playing in the Champions League.
  4. Radiohead is / are one of my favorite rock bands. Tonight it is / they are playing live at the festival.
  5. Our class is / are going on a school trip next week.
  6. The police is / are corrupt. It / They often take bribes.
  7. The jury is / are expected to reach a verdict tonight, when it / they will say whether it thinks / they think the suspect is guilty of murder or not.
  8. The English are / is a patriotic and often insular race which explains why it / they wanted to leave the European Union.

 Answers –

  1. are, their
  2. has / have (both are equally possible)
  3. is [are], they are
  4. is / are, they are
  5. is [are]
  6. are, they
  7. is / are, they, they think
  8. are, they

[#16] Comparisons

  1. This is the better / best party I have ever been to.
  2. This is the more / most beautiful building in the street.
  3. Parties are more popular than / that lessons.
  4. The weather in England is worse / worst than in Mexico.
  5. These are the most easy / easiest exercises to do.
  6. I earn lesser / less than she does.
  7. London is one of the more / most expensive cities in the world.
  8. The longer / more long it takes the better it is / is it.
  9. The more intelligent you are / you are intelligent the more / most difficult life is.
  10. They work twice as hard as / than I do.
  11. This is as big as / like that one.
  12. This is as big as / big like yours.

Answers –

  1. best
  2. most
  3. than
  4. worse
  5. easiest
  6. less
  7. most
  8. longer, it is
  9. intelligent you are, more
  10. as
  11. as
  12. as big as

[#17] Conditionals: Zero and First (If vs When)

  1. I tell / will tell her if / when I see / will see her at the lesson – she messaged me that she was definitely coming.
  2. Will / Do let me know if you hear / will hear from her? Thanks.
  3. If you press / will press too hard, it breaks / will break.
  4. If / When I don’t go to my English lesson today I miss / will miss the test.
  5. I finish / will finish the report today if I have / will have time.
  6. My mother will be calling round at some point soon. When / If she arrives, just tell her I have popped out to the supermarket.
  7. My mother might come round later. When / If she does come, just tell her I have popped out to the supermarket.
  8. If / When I am in Paris next week, I am going to go to the Louvre. I’ve already booked my ticket.
  9. Your plants die / will die if you don’t / will not give them sufficient water.
  10. I don’t / won’t generally sleep well if I drink / will drink coffee before going to bed.
  11. When / If you want to go out tonight you have / you’ll have to clear up first.
  12. When / If the fire looks as if it is going out, put some more wood on it.

Answers –

  1. will tell, when, see
  2. will, hear
  3. press, will break (breaks)
  4. If I don’t go, will miss
  5. will finish, have
  6. when
  7. if
  8. when
  9. will die, don’t
  10. don’t, drink
  11. if
  12. if

[#18] Conditionals: Second and Third

  1. I worked / would work in London if I had / would have the chance.
  2. I’m really sorry. I would tell / would have told you earlier if I had / had had the chance, but I’ve been busy all day.
  3. If I am / were CEO I will / would give everyone a raise.
  4. If I were / had been in charge of the last project I would delegate / would have delegated a little more than the project manager did.
  5. She seems a bit reluctant to do the presentation. Perhaps if we gave / had given her some help with the slides, she would accept / would have accepted.
  6. It was / would have been better if I had / would have never met him.
  7. I helped / would help you if I had / would have the time.
  8. We ran out of time at the meeting. If we had / had had more time, we would cover / would have covered all the items on the agenda.

Answers –

  1. would, had
  2. would have told, had had
  3. were, would
  4. had been, would have delegated
  5. gave, would accept
  6. would have been, had
  7. would help, had
  8. had had, would have covered

[#19] Continuous Forms

  1. He is seeing / sees her regularly. Next week I think / am thinking that he is seeing / sees her next week at the festival,
  2. It is smelling / smells strange, should we take it back?
  3. The dog is smelling / smells the food – I wonder if he will eat it or not.
  4. At the moment, he is looking / looks at his notebook.
  5. I lived / was living in London for ten years before I came / was coming here.
  6. While I lived / was living in London, I met / was meeting my wife.
  7. I have written / been writing emails all morning – I have written / been writing 20 so far.
  8. He has worked / been working too hard that’s why he’s always so tired.
  9. He has worked / been working for several different companies. He has worked / been working for his current company for six months.
  10. She has read / has been reading that book before and she doesn’t want to read it again.

Answers –

  1. sees, think, is seeing
  2. smells
  3. is smelling
  4. is looking
  5. lived, came
  6. was living, met
  7. been writing, written
  8. been working
  9. has worked, been working
  10. has read

[#20] Countable and Uncountable Nouns

  1. There are / is evidences that she stole the money.
  2. I owe you ten dollars, I will give you them / it on Monday.
  3. There is little knowledge / are few knowledge about the best way to do this.
  4. This causes a lot of traffic / many traffics on the network.
  5. They are doing some research / a research into rats.
  6. We have made a / some

Answers –

  1. Is
  2. it
  3. is little knowledge
  4. a lot of traffic
  5. some research
  6. some

[#21] Each, Every, All, None

  1. At each / every / all age, girls and women face each / every / all other directly when sitting on public transport.
  2. On the other hand, boys and men sit at angles to each / every / all other and so that they don’t have to look at each / every / all other..
  3. Data are refreshed each / every / all minute.
  4. None of us could / Every one of us could not get to sleep.
  5. Italian is a phonetic language in which each / every / all letters are pronounced distinctly – this means it is possible to pronounce each / every / all word in the language without having previously heard it.
  6. In Japanese each / every / all syllable has the same length and strength.
  7. In English nearly each / every / all word seem to follow their own rules.
  8. The system automatically sends an email each / every / all third Thursday.
  9. Each / Every / All mails that bounce back are then removed from the list of recipients.
  10. All / None / Each of them could come to the party – so in the end the party was cancelled.

Answers –

  1. every, each
  2. each, each
  3. every
  4. none of us could
  5. all letters, every
  6. each / every
  7. all
  8. every
  9. all
  10. none

[#22] Few, Little, A Few, A Little

  1. She sounded a little / little / a few / few annoyed when I telephone her.
  2. A few / Few / A little / Little business people can claim with any justification or credibility that they deserve to earn in one year what the population of an entire town in Africa earns in a decade.
  3. Would you like a little / little / a few / few more to eat?
  4. Do you think you could speak up a little / little / a few / few, please?
  5. A few / Few / A little / Little is known about the real nature of ghosts, though a few / few / a little / little people claim to have seen them.
  6. Have you got a little / little / a few / few minutes? I have a little / little / a few / few questions I would like to ask you.
  7. I have made a little / little / a few / few changes to our plans, I hope that is OK with you, in any case a little / little / a few / few has changed in terms of the main ideas.

Answers –

  1. a little
  2. few
  3. a little
  4. a little
  5. little, a few
  6. a few, a few
  7. a few, little

[#23] (This Is The) First Time, Second Time

  1. This is the first time that I have heard this music. = I have ____
  2. I have never done a presentation before. = This is the first time ____
  3. It was the first time she had seen the film. = She ____
  4. From the day I was born I this is only the second time I have come here. = I have ___
  5. They had never seen an elephant before. = That was the first time ____
  6. This is the first time I have understood this rule. = I ____

Answers –

  1. I have never heard this music before.
  2. This is the first time I have done a presentation.
  3. She had never seen the film before.
  4. I have only come / been here once before.
  5. That was the first time they had seen an elephant.
  6. I have never understood this rule before.

[#24] Genitive: The Possessive Form of Nouns

  1. How do you measure a circle’s area / the area of a circle?
  2. I have a software’s / software problem.
  3. I studied at Cambridge’s / Cambridge University.
  4. She has an Apple / Apple’s iPhone 12.
  5. My professor’s / professor lessons are really boring.
  6. It is mile’s / mile walk from here.
  7. My two sisters’ / sister’s / sister children are coming today.
  8. I am watching a Game of Thrones / Thrones’ episode.
  9. This is the Helen’s / Helen’s / Helen car.

Answers –

  1. the area of a circle
  2. software
  3. Cambridge (or: the University of Cambridge)
  4. Apple
  5. professor’s
  6. mile’s
  7. sisters’
  8. Thrones
  9. Helen’s

[#25] Have, Have Got

  1. She’s / She’s got a horse.
  2. He has / He’s lunch in his taxi.
  3. They’ve / they’ve got a lot of time on their hands.
  4. I’ve / I’ve got many gadgets for sale if you’re interested.
  5. Have you / Do you have a car?
  6. I hadn’t / didn’t have many trips to do last year.
  7. Have you / Do you have anything to drink?
  8. We are having / having got a party, do you want to come?
  9. I don’t generally have / have got breakfast, I just go to a bar mid morning.
  10. Do you have / you’ve your cell phone with you? Yes I’ve / I do.

Answers –

  1. she’s got
  2. he has
  3. they’ve got
  4. I’ve got
  5. do you have
  6. didn’t have
  7. do you have
  8. having
  9. have
  10. you have, do

[#26] Have Something Done

  1. She is having an online service to write / write an essay for her.
  2. She’s getting / letting someone do / to do the gardening for her – she’s so lazy.
  3. I am having my car to fix / fixed next week.
  4. She is having dyed her hair / her hair dyed at the hairdresser’s.
  5. The company are having built / building a new office.
  6. They are having the office built / building by a construction company.
  7. They get all their printing to do / done externally.
  8. I’ll get / have my secretary do the photocopies.
  9. I’ll get / have my husband to give you a call.
  10. Are you doing the painting yourself or are you having done the painting / the painting done for you?

Answers –

  1. write
  2. getting, to do
  3. fixed
  4. her hair dyed
  5. building
  6. built
  7. have
  8. have
  9. the painting done

[#27] How Long, How Much Time, How Many Times

  1. How time / much time are you planning to stay here?
  2. How many times / much time do you have to ring the bell before they answer?
  3. How long do you work / have you been working here?
  4. How long time / long are you here for? I am leaving the day after tomorrow.
  5. How many times / much time do you think it will take to complete this exercise?
  6. How many times / much time do you think you will need to practise this piece before you can do it perfectly?

Answers –

  1. much time
  2. many times
  3. have you been working
  4. long
  5. much time
  6. both forms are possible

[#28] -ing Form vs the Infinitive

  1. Studying / To study English is more difficult than people think.
  2. We are in the process of reconstruct / reconstructing our website.
  3. Thank you for your help in solve / solving this problem.
  4. Sorry for the delay in to get / getting back to you.
  5. Making / to make cakes is easy but making / to make a cake you need the right ingredients.
  6. If you need any further details do not hesitate to contact / contacting me.
  7. Playing / To play football is fun, but playing / to play really well you need to train most days a week.
  8. I look forward to do / doing business with you and showing you how using / to use our products.
  9. Most Italians enjoy spending / to spend time with their family.
  10. It’s not difficult learning / to learn – you will soon get the hang of it.

Answers –

  1. studying
  2. reconstructing
  3. solving
  4. getting
  5. making, to make
  6. to contact
  7. playing / to play
  8. doing, to use
  9. spending
  10. to learn

[#29] Languages and Nationalities

  1. Her students all speak a perfect / perfect English.
  2. Spanish / The Spanish is quite similar to the Italian / Italian.
  3. I know / speak Japanese quite well.
  4. There are several Chineses / forms of Chinese – the main one is the Mandarin / Mandarin.
  5. The French / French I learned at school did not help me at all when I first lived in France.
  6. In my class there is a Senegalese / a Senegalese student who speaks French / the French.
  7. The French / French are quite patriotic and I admire the way they try to promote their culture over American culture.
  8. The Americans / Americans tend to be quite loud, particularly the Americans / Americans that I met in Texas.

Answers –

  1. perfect
  2. Spanish, Italian
  3. speak
  4. forms of Chinese, Mandarin
  5. the French
  6. a Senegalese student, French
  7. the French
  8. Americans (the Americans), the

[#30] Like, Love, Prefer

  1. I would prefer going / to go there later.
  2. Why do you prefer jazz than / to classical music?
  3. I love / would love to watch a movie tonight.
  4. Do / Would you like to come with me?
  5. Do / Would you generally prefer white or red wine?
  6. I like it / like when we do listening exercises in class.
  7. I love watching / to watch sports live – it is so much more fun than watching sports on TV.
  8. Do / Would you prefer waiting / to wait, or do you want to go straightaway?
  9. I like eating / to eat pizza – it’s my favorite food.
  10. I like eating / to eat pizza with beer rather than wine – this is my preference and I’ve noticed that Italians prefer to do / doing this too.

Answers –

  1. to go
  2. to
  3. would love
  4. would
  5. do
  6. like it
  7. watching
  8. would, to wait
  9. eating (to eat)
  10. to eat, to do

[#31] Make vs Let

  1. They let us to go / go together but made us to promise / promise not to talk to each other.
  2. We made / were made to be together, I don’t want to make / let anything get in our way.
  3. After much insistence on our part, they let / made us pay for the meal.
  4. The restaurant manager let / made us pay for the meal even though we told her it was inedible.
  5. They are making / letting me work / to work overtime despite all my protests.
  6. My mother makes / lets me do my homework, even if I don’t want to do it.
  7. Will you let / make me go / to go please – you’re hurting me.
  8. She wasn’t let / allowed to go inside the pub because she was underage.
  9. I let / made him stay for a week even though it was really inconvenient for me.
  10. I made / got / had an online service to write my thesis for me.

Answers –

  1. go, promise
  2. were made, let
  3. let
  4. made
  5. making, work
  6. makes
  7. let, go
  8. allowed
  9. let
  10. had

[#32] Much, Many, A Lot of, Lots o

  1. Are there a lot of / lots of / many / much teachers at this school?
  2. How much / many friends do you have on Facebook?
  3. I have a lot of / lots of / many / much books on this subject.
  4. Do you have a lot of / lots of / many students from Africa?
  5. We don’t have a lot of / lots of / many students from Africa.
  6. We have a lot of homework / much homework / many homeworks to do tonight.
  7. We don’t have lots of homework / much homework / many homeworks to do tonight.
  8. There aren’t many options / isn’t much option left I’m afraid.
  9. There aren’t many wines / isn’t much wine left in the bottle I’m afraid.
  10. This supermarket sells much wine / many wines from all over the world.
  11. Do you have much baggage / many baggages with you? Yes, I have a lot of / much suitcases.
  12. There is much / there are many / there are a lot of staff on duty today.
  13. The earthquake created a lot of damage / much damage / many damages.
  14. I have a lot of / lots of / much / many news to tell you.
  15. The house doesn’t have much furniture / many furnitures in it.
  16. They did a lot of training / much training / many trainings to learn how to be a teacher.
  17. We haven’t made lots of progress / much progress / many progresses so far.
  18. She gave me a lot of advice / much advice / many advices.
  19. Was there a lot of traffic / much traffic / many traffics on the road today?
  20. How much feedback / many feedbacks do you get from your boss?

Answers –

  1. a lot of / many
  2. many
  3. a lot of / lots of / many
  4. many (a lot of)
  5. many (a lot of)
  6. a lot of homework
  7. much homework
  8. aren’t many option
  9. isn’t much wine
  10. many wines
  11. much baggage
  12. a lot of
  13. a lot of damage
  14. a lot of / lots of
  15. much furniture
  16. a lot of training
  17. much progress
  18. a lot of advice
  19. much (a lot of)
  20. much feedback

[#33] Must vs Have To

  1. Have I / Do I have to tell him? Yes, you do / have.
  2. Could you send his email address as I think I must / have to got his old one.
  3. I know you must / have to be very busy but …
  4. I’m sorry, but I’ll must / have to interrupt you – I must / have to take this call.
  5. I must / have to go to the dentist for regular check ups.
  6. Sorry but your email must / has to have gone into the spam.
  7. We generally have to / must be at work before 09.30.
  8. You have to / must come and see us when you’re next in town.
  9. Notice: Helmets must be worn on the building site at all times.
  10. Do you have to / Must you clock in when you go to work?

Answers –

  1. do I have, do
  2. must
  3. must
  4. have to, have to
  5. have to
  6. must
  7. have to
  8. must
  9. must
  10. do you have

[#34] Must Not Vs Do Not Have To

  1. Don’t you have to / Haven’t you to stop off at Hong Kong when you fly to Sydney?
  2. We didn’t have / hadn’t to drive because there was a great train service.
  3. Didn’t they have / Hadn’t they to show any ID?
  4. We don’t have to / mustn’t work tomorrow because it’s a public holiday.
  5. You don’t have to / mustn’t do it now, it can wait.
  6. You don’t have to / mustn’t touch that it will give you an electric shock.
  7. You don’t have to / must not smoke in enclosed public spaces.
  8. We don’t have to / must not do this now, we can do it later.
  9. She doesn’t have to / mustn’t prepare my lessons any more – she is very experienced.
  10. You don’t have to / mustn’t say anything to him – promise me that you won’t say a word.

Answers –

  1. don’t you have to 2
  2. didn’t have to
  3. didn’t they have
  4. don’t have to
  5. don’t have to
  6. mustn’t
  7. must not
  8. don’t have to
  9. doesn’t have to
  10. mustn’t

[#35] Numbers, Dates and Measurements

  1. Two dollars is not much / are not many for a coffee.
  2. The wall is about four meters high / high about four meters.
  3. According to the survey, about 60% / about the 60% of people plan to vote for the Democrats.
  4. It is / They are about 500 miles from here to Sacramento.
  5. There were three thousand / thousands attendees at the conference.
  6. Millions / Million of people are likely to become infected.
  7. Real Madrid lost to Manchester United four to one / four one.
  8. They are going on the 23th / 23rd of December.
  9. How did the exam ago? Well, I had some problem with the eight / eighth question and with the question nine / question nine.
  10. 1.5 kilo / kilos of pasta is / are far too much / many for one person to eat at one meal.

Answers –

  1. is not much
  2. about 4 m high
  3. about 60%
  4. it is
  5. thousand
  6. millions
  7. four one
  8. 23rd
  9. eighth, question nine
  10. kilos, is, much

[#36] Passive vs Active

  1. Fifty thousand copies sold / were sold last year.
  2. The inflation is / has gone up.
  3. The concept of a self-driving car is that the car drives / is driven itself, it does not drive / is not driven by the passengers.
  4. He is / has bought himself a car.
  5. It decided / was decided that the service should discontinue / be discontinued.
  6. Your taxi is / has arrived.
  7. She was / had taken to the airport.
  8. The machine was / had stopped for repairs.
  9. An important document had / had been lost.
  10. It agreed / had agreed / was agreed to spread the redundancies over six months.
  11. Your email has forwarded / has been forwarded to the marketing department.
  12. The form should complete / be completed in black ink.
  13. An analysis was / had carried out of the samples.
  14. The photocopier left / had left / was left on all night.
  15. It had decided / had been decided to try to impeach Trump.

Answers –

  1. were sold
  2. drives, is not driven
  3. has
  4. has
  5. was decided, be discontinued
  6. has
  7. was
  8. was
  9. had been
  10. was agreed
  11. has been forwarded
  12. be completed
  13. was
  14. was left
  15. had been decided

[#37] People vs Person; Men, Human

  1. The people I meet on my travels tend / tends to be very similar to me – I think of it / them as friends.
  2. There was little / were few people at the party.
  3. The most part of people / Most people / The most people / Most of the people that I know voted for her.
  4. He is rather shy and doesn’t like it with too many peoples / too many people / too much people around him.
  5. Our lawyer is quite a young people / person.
  6. A doctor is a man / a woman / a person / someone who looks after patients who are ill.
  7. Notice: This lift is only designed to carry eight people / peoples / persons.
  8. She is only human / a woman, she cannot be expected to do 20 things at the same time.
  9. Who lives / Those who live / People who live round here have to be very careful as there are a lot of break-ins.

Answers –

  1. tend, them
  2. were few
  3. most people / most of the people
  4. too many people
  5. a person / someone
  6. someone (a person)
  7. persons
  8. human
  9. those who live / people who live

[#38] Present Perfect vs Past Simple

  1. I have been there two weeks ago / before.
  2. They have come back this morning / just come back.
  3. We’ve done two exercises so far / this week.
  4. They’ve emailed five times yesterday / in the last three hours.
  5. They haven’t done it last week / still haven’t done it.
  6. They have worked here in 2018 / since 2018.
  7. She has been a professor for many years / in 2017.
  8. They have won all their matches last season / this season.
  9. Were you ever in Mongolia? / in Mongolia for your holidays?
  10. Have you seen her today / yesterday?

Answers –

  1. before
  2. just come back
  3. so far / this week
  4. in the last three hours
  5. still haven’t done it
  6. since 2012
  7. for many years
  8. this season
  9. in Mongolia for your holidays?
  10. today

[#39] Present Perfect With For and Since

Write for or since into the spaces in 1-10, and choose the correct form for 11-20.

  1. _____ about three weeks
  2. _____ Monday
  3. _____ a long time
  4. _____ a year
  5. _____ 2017
  6. _____ my birthday
  7. _____ last week
  8. _____ the Middle Ages
  9. _____ over a month
  10. ____ too long
  11. I am / have been here for six months.
  12. I know / have known Mary since July.
  13. She has / has had that house all her life
  14. I am / have been here for a week and I’m leaving tomorrow.
  15. I live / have lived here since I was born.
  16. I live / have lived in a small flat near the center.
  17. She knows / has known him all her life.
  18. She knows / has known him very well.
  19. They are / have been here for a month, they arrived last week.
  20. We introduced / have introduced the new policy since / in May last year.

Answers –

  1. for about three weeks
  2. since Monday
  3. for a long time
  4. for a year
  5. since 2017
  6. since my birthday
  7. since last week
  8. since the Middle Ages
  9. for over a month
  10. for too long 11) have been
  11. have known
  12. has had
  13. have been
  14. have live
  15. live
  16. has known
  17. knows
  18. are
  19. introduced, in

[#40] Pronouns

  1. Someone telephoned for you while you were out, but he / they didn’t leave his / their name.
  2. If you know a person well, then you can tell him / them what you really think.
  3. Somebody knocked at the door and then he / they went away.
  4. The user then clicks on the icon. A menu opens and he / she / he/she / they can then see the various options.
  5. A: Do you have a doctor? B: Yes. A: Well ask him / them what he thinks / they think.
  6. In this class if someone has / you have a problem, he / they / you can ask the teacher.
  7. If one has / you have a problem, one / you can ask the teacher for help.
  8. Someone is at the door, go and see who it / he is.

Answers –

  1. they, their
  2. them
  3. they
  4. they (he / she)
  5. them, they think
  6. you have, you
  7. you have, you
  8. it

[#41] So, Too, Very, That + Adjective

  1. You are a very / so / too / that beautiful person. I will never forget you.
  2. A: You are very / so / too / that beautiful to work in an office you should be a model. B: You are very / so / too / that sexist, I can’t believe you just said that.
  3. They give us very / so / too / that much work but they pay us well.
  4. They give us very / so / too / that much work that sometimes I have to work till midnight to get it finished.
  5. They don’t give us very / so / too / that much work, in fact sometimes we hardly have anything to do.
  6. There are very / so / too / that many things I want to tell you, I don’t know where to start.
  7. There are very / so / too / that many things to tell you now, we don’t have enough time.
  8. A: He gave a great performance. I really enjoyed the play. B: I’m sorry but if he was very / so / too / that good why did he forget his lines?
  9. Don’t give me very / so / too / that much wine or I will get drunk.
  10. A: So, over a thousand people work in that company, that’s very / so / too / that large, isn’t it? B: Well actually it’s not very / so / too / that large, it’s quite normal for an engineering company.
  11. You are very / so / too / that lucky to have such a job.
  12. He’s not very / so / too / that good at this job, I wouldn’t be surprised if he loses it.

Answers –

  1. very
  2. too, so
  3. too
  4. so
  5. that
  6. so
  7. too
  8. that
  9. too (so)
  10. very, that
  11. very / so
  12. very / that

[#42] So, Such, So Many, So Much

  1. They are so / such good teachers.
  2. Her accent is so / such strong that I can’t understand it.
  3. She has a so strong / such a strong accent that I can’t understand it.
  4. This job is so easy / is a such easy job that anyone could do it.
  5. I had never met a so friendly / such a friendly person.
  6. There is so much / many information here that I can’t understand it.
  7. There is so / such a lot of information here that I can’t understand it.
  8. We had a so good / a such good / such a good time at the party.
  9. I am in so many / such a lot of trouble, I don’t know what to do.
  10. I have heard so / such a lot about you. And I have heard so much / many about you too.

Answers –

  1. such
  2. so
  3. such a strong
  4. job is so easy
  5. such a friendly
  6. much
  7. so
  8. such a good
  9. such a lot of
  10. such, much

[#43] Some, Any and Related Issues

  1. Could you give me any / some help with my suitcases.
  2. Did you have any / some problems finding us?
  3. For any / some reason my last email had delivery problems.
  4. Can I have any / some water please?
  5. Is there anything / something you’re not quite clear about?
  6. Sorry, but anyone / someone is waiting for me.
  7. Sorry, I’ve just seen anyone / someone I know.
  8. Anything / Something has come up, so I’m afraid I can’t come to the party.
  9. We learn nothing interesting / nothing of interesting in his lessons.
  10. We have not bidets / have no bidets / don’t have bidets in our country.

Answers –

  1. some
  2. any
  3. some
  4. some
  5. anything
  6. someone
  7. someone
  8. something
  9. nothing interesting
  10. don’t have bidets (have no bidets)

[#44] Stop, Remember

  1. I stopped to pick / picking up some dinner for us.
  2. She stopped to help / helping us change the wheel on our car.
  3. She stopped to help / helping us when she realised that we could do everything by ourselves.
  4. We had to stop to fill / filling up with gas – we had nearly run out.
  5. We stopped on our way looking / to look at the new theatre.
  6. I remember telling / to tell her because she reacted quite badly.
  7. Will you remember turning / to turn off all the lights please?
  8. We remembered to go / going to the supermarket – so we got the milk and everything else.
  9. I remember her to say / saying that she never wanted to see him again.
  10. Did you remember to bring / bringing my clothes?

Answers –

  1. to pick
  2. to help
  3. helping
  4. to fill
  5. to look
  6. telling
  7. to turn
  8. to go
  9. saying
  10. to bring

[#45] Used To and Present Tense

  1. I spend / use to spend three hours studying every evening.
  2. She uses to send / sends her children to bed early.
  3. I am used to watch / I usually watch English movies with subtitles.
  4. I was used / I used to spend three hours studying every evening, now I only spend two.
  5. When I was a child, we used to go / were used to go on holiday to the mountains.
  6. We don’t use to / We don’t do this in our country.
  7. In some places they use to eat / they eat horses, but not here.

Answers –

  1. spend
  2. sends
  3. I usually watch
  4. I used
  5. used to go
  6. we don’t do this
  7. they eat

[#46] Very Much, A Lot: Use at the End of a Phrase

  1. He eats a lot / very much.
  2. I like very much your parents / your parents very much.
  3. I really want to see you / want to see you very much.
  4. I didn’t see her a lot / very much while I was in Canada.
  5. They spend a lot / very much on wine.
  6. We don’t get to talk to each other a lot / very much at the moment.
  7. I am very much / really missing you my darling.
  8. She sings a lot / very much in the bath.
  9. I talk to my mother a lot / very much.
  10. I a lot / very much want to see you.
  11. Thanks a lot / very much.

Answers –

  1. a lot
  2. your parents very much
  3. really want to see you (very much = too formal in this context)
  4. a lot / very much 4
  5. a lot
  6. a lot / very much
  7. really very much = too formal in this context)
  8. a lot
  9. a lot
  10. very much 11) a lot / very much

[#47] Want, Would, Would Like, Would Prefer

  1. I want that you / you to tell me the truth.
  2. I don’t want her to know / that she knows anything about it.
  3. I want that there is someone that corrects me / someone to correct me when I make a mistake.
  4. My father wants that I can / me to be able to live independently.
  5. I would prefer my baby to sleep / that my baby sleeps in another room.
  6. I prefer / would prefer you to tell me now and not tomorrow.
  7. I would really like / want you to sit next to me.
  8. I would prefer her not to hear / that she doesn’t hear about this.
  9. I would / would like to try to summarize what I have been saying.
  10. I would / would like to start again it if I were you.

Answers –

  1. you to
  2. want her to know
  3. someone to correct me
  4. me to be able
  5. my baby to sleep
  6. would prefer
  7. like
  8. her not to hear
  9. would like
  10. would

[#48] Which? What? How?

  1. In need some shoes. What / Which size? What / Which color?
  2. What / Which would you prefer – wine or beer?
  3. What / Which is your favorite kind of music?
  4. What / Which is your favorite pop band?
  5. What / Which book do you want – this one or that one?
  6. What / Which / How is this sport called?
  7. What / Which / How is the name of this sport?
  8. What / Which / How do you pronounce this word?
  9. What / Which / How is the English word for schadenfreude?
  10. What / Which / How do you say schadenfreude in English?
  11. What / Which / How is your phone number?
  12. What / Which is the best way to explain this to a child?

Answers –

  1. what
  2. what
  3. which
  4. what
  5. which
  6. what
  7. what
  8. how
  9. which
  10. how
  11. what
  12. what 

[#49] Who, Which and What in Questions

  1. Which film did you watch / you watched last night?
  2. Who did get / got married?
  3. Who did you say / you said got married?
  4. What does seem / seems to be the problem?
  5. Who did say / said that I was not coming to the party?
  6. Who did you go / you went with?
  7. Who did go / went with you?
  8. Which did come / came first the chicken or the egg?
  9. What does turn / turns you on the most?
  10. What / Which courses do you give / give you the most credits?

Answers –

  1. did you watch
  2. got
  3. did you say
  4. seems
  5. said
  6. did you go
  7. went
  8. came
  9. turns 10 give you

[#50] Will vs Present Simple

  1. We let / will let you know when we have more information.
  2. Someone’s at the door. OK I go / will go and see who it is.
  3. Does it rain / Will it rain when we are / will be in England?
  4. What would you like to drink? I have / will have a coffee please.
  5. If it is not / won’t be hot next week then I don’t / won’t go.
  6. I need someone to do this for me. OK I help / will help you.
  7. How many people are / will be there next week?
  8. I get / will get back to you with more details as soon as possible.
  9. When I have / will have enough money I travel / will travel round the world.
  10. I call / will call you before I leave / will leave.

Answers –

  1. will let
  2. will go
  3. Will it rain, are
  4. will
  5. is not, won’t
  6. will help
  7. will be
  8. will get
  9. have, will travel
  10. will call, leave

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