List of Common Names of Chemical Compounds


A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.

Also Read: Edu Periodic Table – An Interactive and Modern Periodic Table

Chemical compounds can generally be classified into two broad groups:

  1. Molecular compounds – Molecular compounds involve atoms joined by covalent bonds and can be represented by a variety of formulas.
  2. Ionic compounds – Ionic compounds are composed of ions joined by ionic bonding, and their formulas are generally written using oxidation states.

Below is the list of Common names of few Chemical Compounds:

1 Baking Powder Sodium Bicarbonate NaHCO3
2 Blue Vitriol Copper Sulfate CuSO4
3 Bleaching Powder Calcium Oxychloride Ca(OCl)2
4 Chloroform Trichloro Methane CHCl3
5 Chalk (Marble) Calcium Carbonate CaCO3
6 Caustic Potash Potassium Hydroxide KOH
7 Caustic Soda Sodium Hydroxide NaOH
8 Dry Ice Solid Carbondioxide CO2
9 Epsom Magnesium Sulphate MgSO4
10 Gypsum Calcium Sulfate CaSO4
11 Green Vitriol Ferrous Sulphate FeSO4
12 Heavy Water Deuterium Oxide D2O
13 Slaked Lime Calcium Hydroxide Ca(OH)2
14 Potash Alum Potassium Aluminium Sulphate KAl(SO4)2
15 Quick Lime Calcium Oxide CaO
16 Plaster of Paris Calcium Sulphate CaSO4
17 Mohr’s Salt Ammonium Ferrous Sulphate (NH4)2Fe(SO4)2·6H2O
18 White Vitriol Zinc Sulphate ZnSO4
19 Marsh Gas Methane CH4
20 Magnesia Magnesium Oxide MgO
21 Laughing Gas Nitrous Oxide N2O
22 Sand Silicon Dioxide SiO2
23 Sugar Sucrose C12H22O11
24 T.N.T. Trinitrotoluene C7H5N3O6
25 Vermelium Mercuric Sulfide HgS
26 Vinegar Acetic Acid CH3COOH
27 Washing Soda Sodium Carbonate Na2CO3

Note: A molecule consisting of atoms of only one element is therefore not a compound.

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