Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence.
A gerund is a verb in its ing (present participle) form that functions as a noun that names an activity rather than a person or thing. Any action verb can be made into a gerund. Gerunds can be used after certain verbs including enjoy, fancy, discuss, dislike, finish, mind, suggest, recommend, keep, and avoid.
Example: I anticipate having the report done by Friday.
An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. Infinitives can be used after certain verbs including agree, ask, decide, help, plan, hope, learn, want, would like, and promise.
Example: I expect to have the report done by Friday.
Fill in the blanks with correct gerund or infinitive form in the given verbs:
- Binita is looking forward _______ (have) a reply from his friend.
- Hey, you look tired! How about _______ (take) a break from work for a bit?
- I can’t afford _______ (have) my Master’s degree at a private university.
- The criminal avoided _________ (confess) the truth.
- The clients decided _______ (cancel) the contract.
- If you don’t give up ______ (talk) too much, everybody will get bored.
- Karan’s lawyer advised him ________ (call) his wife as soon as possible.
- Heena’s boy friend asked her if he fancies ________ (grab) a cup of coffee.
- After the accident, the old man struggled _______ (stand up).
- The beautiful girl denied ________ (be) in love with the suspect.
- Foreign students signed up for a language course ________ (learn) English.
- A three-year-old child manages ________ (draw) circles, lines and even squares.
- Children enjoy ________ (do) an activity more if they do it in a group.
- Same students tend ________ (cheat) in exams if there is no one to supervise.
- You should avoid ________ (argue) with everybody.
- Julie claims ________ (be) the top student in her class.
- I have studied as hard as I could, so I expect ________ (pass) this exam.
- My father gave up ________ (smoke) a year ago.
- The teacher refused ________ (give) any further clues about the question.
- The student denied _____ (break) the window.
- My sister doesn’t want to come with us because she hates ________ (do) windsurfing.
- The baby keeps crying. Does his father mind ______ (take) care of him a bit.
- Jasmeet has problems with her mother in law. As far as it seems, she is tired of ________ (fight) with her.
- Two students applied for the Doctorate program and they look forward ________ (have) a positive reply from the university.
- After hearing a noise, Karan turned the lights on ________ (see) everything clearly.
- Experts say that it is pretty dangerous ________ (do) bungee jumping.
- to have
- to cancel
- to call
- to stand up
- to learn
- to draw
- to cheat
- to be
- to pass
- to give
- to have
- to see
- to do